The Wheel is a journal of Orthodox Christian thought. It seeks to articulate the Gospel intelligently and constructively for the twenty-first century, a pluralistic era in which the social identity of Christian faith and its role in public discourse present new and unique challenges. By embracing contributions on Orthodox theology, spirituality, and liturgical arts alongside serious engagements with the challenges of contemporary political ideologies, empirical science, and cultural modernism, this publication aims to move beyond the polarizations of much current debate in the Orthodox Church.

Our editorial mission is inspired by the early believers who transformed the pagan symbol of the wheel into the Christian acronym ΙΧΘΥΣ. Today, the wheel serves as a metaphor for a tradition that both grounds us and moves us forward. Such an understanding of Church tradition is consonant with the description given by one of the great Orthodox thinkers of the last century, Vladimir Lossky:

If the Scriptures and all that the Church can produce in words written or pronounced, in images or in symbols liturgical or otherwise, represent the differing modes of expression of the truth, tradition is the unique mode of receiving it. We say specifically unique mode and not uniform mode, for to Tradition in its pure notion there belongs nothing formal. It does not impose on human consciousness formal guarantees of the truths of faith, but gives access to the discovery of their inner evidence. It is not the content of Revelation, but the light that reveals it; it is not the word, but the living breath which makes the words heard at the same time as the silence from which it came; it is not the truth, but a communication of the Spirit of Truth, outside which the truth cannot be received. […] It is the life of the Holy Spirit in the Church.

The thorniest problems of our time cry out for guidance from the Church’s tradition, approached with the awareness of the multifaceted nature of truth that continues to be discovered and implemented over time through a process of prayer, creative reflection, and debate. Likewise, although the perspective of the editors is firmly rooted in the Orthodox Church, we welcome contributions from those outside its formal boundaries that challenge us to engage more deeply the living Gospel of Christ.

We do not promise that the perspectives offered here will satisfy everyone, but we hope our readers will never retreat from prayerful, respectful efforts to discern God’s hand in contemporary life. Indeed, our one editorial certainty is that living out the inexhaustible truth of the Cross and the empty tomb will continue to beckon the Church to hear and respond to the most radical and challenging of ideas without fear.

  The wheel symbol overlays the Greek letters ΙΧΘΥΣ, an acronym for Ἰησοῦς Χριστὸς Θεοῦ Υἱὸς Σωτήρ (Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior).


The wheel symbol overlays the Greek letters ΙΧΘΥΣ, an acronym for Ἰησοῦς Χριστὸς Θεοῦ Υἱὸς Σωτήρ (Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior).

  Christian graffito on a marble slab in Ephesus.


Christian graffito on a marble slab in Ephesus.


The Wheel publishes essays, criticism, poetry, fiction, and images. Writers should familiarize themselves with the journal before contacting the editors. Queries for article submissions should include a basic thesis statement, an explanation of why it is important to argue in this journal, and a short biography. The editors are also happy to accept unsolicited manuscripts; these should include a cover letter giving the same information as for a query.

The Wheel rarely publishes articles over 3,000 words and only by prior arrangement with the author, so all submissions should respect this limit. Manuscripts should be sent in Microsoft Word format and formatted according to the current edition of Chicago Manual of Style. Contributions should be written for an intelligent general audience, with footnotes kept to a minimum.

Manuscripts and queries should be submitted to editors@wheeljournal.com. The editors will generally decide on your submission within four to six weeks. If you do not receive a decision within four weeks, please send a follow-up query.



Letters in response to articles published in The Wheel are welcome, and will appear in the following issue, if they are deemed to contribute to the discussion. Letters should be submitted promptly in order to meet editorial deadlines.

Submissions under four hundred words are preferred, and may be edited for length and clarity. Please send them to editors@wheeljournal.com.

Editorial Board

Inga Leonova is a practicing architect, writer, and educator. She teaches a course on Monotheism, Culture, and Sacred Space at the Boston Architectural College, and serves as a thesis advisor at the New England School of Art and Design. She is the author of several publications on Orthodoxy and cultural issues, including liturgical architecture and ecology.

Joseph Clarke is a historian of art and architecture. He holds a PhD from Yale University and is currently an assistant professor at the University of Toronto.

Timothy Scott Clark taught Old Testament and Biblical Languages at St. Vladimir’s Orthodox Theological Seminary, Crestwood, New York, from 2005–2012, and received his PhD in Hebrew Bible from Emory University in 2014. He is currently a contributing editor to the religion blog Under the Sun (underthesunblog.com) and a freelance writer in Brookline, Massachusetts.

Gregory Tucker is an Orthodox theologian and historian of early and Byzantine Christianity. His primary field of research is Middle Byzantine liturgy, but he also works more broadly in the areas of Eastern Christian theology, liturgical arts, and ecumenism.

Advisory Board

The Very Reverend Robert M. Arida is Rector and Dean of Holy Trinity Orthodox Cathedral (OCA) in Boston, Massachusetts. He is a graduate of St. Vladimir’s Orthodox Theological Seminary. Some of his published and unpublished articles and essays can be found on the HTOC website at www.holytrinityorthodox.org.

Sergei Chapnin was Managing Editor of the Journal of the Moscow Patriarchate until December 2015. From 2010–2014, he served as secretary for the Commission of the Moscow Patriarchate on Church, State, and Society. He is one of the founders of the “Church Builders Guild” and leads several projects on ecclesial arts as a board member, publisher, and editor.

The Very Reverend Dr. Cyril Hovorun is Associate Dean of St. Ignatios Theological Academy (Sweden), Director of Research at the Institute of Theological Studies at the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (Ukraine), and Acting Director of the Huffington Ecumenical Institute at Loyola Marymount University (USA). From 2007 to 2009, he chaired the Department of External Relations of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. From 2009 to 2011, he was the first Deputy Chairman of the Educational Committee of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Dr. Pantelis Kalaitzidis has for the last fourteen years been the Director of the Volos Academy for Theological Studies. He has been a Visiting Scholar and Visiting Research Fellow at Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology, Boston; Princeton Theological Seminary; and Princeton University. He teaches Systematic Theology at the Hellenic Open University (Thessaloniki), and at the St. Sergius Institute of Orthodox Theology in Paris (as Visiting Professor). His latest book, Orthodoxy and Political Theology, has been published by WCC Publications (Geneva, 2012). He has a rich editorial activity, being the editor of many collected volumes (mainly proceedings from the Volos Academy’s conferences), while at the same time serving as the editor of the English-speaking theological series “Doxa & Praxis: Exploring Orthodox Theology” (WCC Publications).

The Very Reverend Dr. Andrew Louth is Professor Emeritus of Patristic and Byzantine Theology, University of Durham, and from 2010–2014 was the first Visiting Professor of Eastern Orthodox Theology at the Amsterdam Centre for Eastern Orthodox Theology at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. His latest book, Modern Orthodox Thinkers: From the Philokalia to the Present, was published in 2015.

Dr. Gayle E. Woloschak is currently Professor of Radiation Oncology at Northwestern University in Chicago and Adjunct Professor of Religion and Science at the Lutheran School of Theology, Chicago, and at the Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. She holds a PhD in Biomedical Sciences from the University of Toledo (Medical College of Ohio) and a DMin in Eastern Christian Studies from Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. Her laboratory interests include molecular biology, radiation biology, and nano-biotechnology, and her science-religion fields include biological evolution, stem cell research, and ecology.